Diamine Challenge: When challenged against cadaverine (a diamine), EnviroKlenz was highly effective in reducing the concentration of this pollutant in the headspace as demonstrated by the greater than 99.9% removed result. The commercial product was not effective against diamine.
Acid Challenge: The isovaleric acid, was easily removed by EnviroKlenz. Greater than 99% of the GC- MS detectable chemical was eliminated from the system. The commercial product showed some success against this compound due to the basic pH of compounds, but it was not as effective EnviroKlenz.
Aldehyde Challenge: When EnviroKlenz was challenged against acetaldehyde, a major toxic component of tobacco smoke and indoor pollutant, it removed greater than 99.9 % of the chemical from the headspace. The commercial product had no effect against acetaldehyde (less than 1%).
Mercaptan Challenge: Ethyl mercaptan, the sulfur-containing pollutant, was readily neutralized (99.9+%)byEnviroKlenz. EnviroKlenzwasovertwiceaseffectiveasthecommercialabsorber(43%).
Amine Challenge: Both products had efficacy against ammonia, however the commercial product did not exhibit the broad capabilities against all the other chemical classes like EnviroKlenz.
The EnviroKlenz technology utilizes a variety of physical and chemical mechanisms to capture and destroy chemical pollutants. The primary method of capture is physical through the interaction of the high surface area EnviroKlenz metal oxides with the chemical. The EnviroKlenz active components have numerous surface sites to attract and, based on its chemistry, then react with the chemical pollutant. The various mechanisms of reaction are illustrated below, but one key aspect that is common among them is the reaction byproducts are surface bound to the metal oxide surface.
Let’s explore some of these mechanisms…